Cairns is located near the top of Queensland’s east coast and is an exclusive gateway to two of the natural wonders of the world – The Great Barrier Reef and the Wet Tropics Rainforests. Mountains, beaches, tidal wetlands, lakes, mangroves, estuaries and coastal plains are all part of Cairns’ unique topography.
From a sleepy little town, Cairns has grown into a tropical playground with an infectious holiday vibe. With access to the most exclusive reef destinations, Cairns is now a renowned haven for sailing, snorkelling and diving. The Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park is an interesting destination to learn more about the indigenous Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.Places of Interest
- Great Barrier Reef
- Daintree Rainforest
- Kuranda Scenic Railway
- Cape Tribulation, Queensland
- Palm Cove, Queensland
- Cairns Tropical Zoo
- Skyrail Rainforest Cableway
- Fitzroy Island
- Green Island Tours
- Daintree Rainforest Tours
- Reef Trips Port Douglas
- Cairns Jungle Surfing Canopy Tours
- Chillagoe Cave Tours
- Great Barrier Reef Cruises (Michaelmas Cay)
Cairns is easily accessible by car or cheap flights, making it a popular destination for tourists and domestic holidaymakers. The airport is about 7km north of Central Cairns. Many accommodation houses offer courtesy pick-ups. Sun Palm meets all incoming flights and runs a shuttle bus to the CBD.
It’s fairly easy to get around Cairns as surfaces are mostly flat and everything in the city is closely knit. Cairns has a full range of transport options for all budgets. The Sunbus runs regular services in and around Cairns from Lake Street Transit Centre, where schedules are posted. You can rent a bicycle or a scooter and check out places at your leisure or Black & White Taxis can be hired, depending on your requirement.Environment
The beautiful region of Cairns, where the rainforest meets the reef, is endowed with warm, balmy weather and the perfect laid-back holiday atmosphere. It’s quite the tropical paradise, but has its fair share of modernity and urban conveniences.
The Great Barrier Reef, off the coast of Cairns, is one of the world’s most diverse coral reef ecosystems. This includes sea floor habitats, continental islands, coral cays, beaches, headlands and estuaries.
The intricate architecture of this large maze of colourful reefs makes the perfect home for a large number of unique marine plants and animals, some that have been around since pre-historic times.
The Australian Great Barrier Reef Marine Park instituted to protect the reef and its ecosystem, is one of the best managed and protected marine systems in the world.Demographics
Cairns has a population of about 145,374 as per the 2011 census data of which 9.3 per cent is Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People population and 11.2 per cent speak a language other than English at home. This region is truly multicultural and has one of the oldest surviving indigenous Australian communities in the world – the Kuku Yalanji.
Cairns is among to the top 10 fastest growing towns in Queensland and has seen a giant urban sprawl in the last five years with a lot of suburban sugarcane fields making way for housing estates.